The archery is a sport of shooting with bow and arrow.
The archery is originally one of the oldest forms of human hunting and for a long time played an important role as a long-range weapon in armed conflict. The archery is a sport of precision and concentration in which competitors attempt to shoot their arrows at the center of a target with their bows. Historically, archery was used for hunting and fighting, while in modern times, its main use is that of a sport. A person who participates in archery is typically known as an archer. Writers choosing the archery as a topic for their research papers have to learn that for at least 10,000 years, the archery was practiced for hunting or war. Around 1500, the arrival of the musket caused progressive disappearance of the bow as a military equipment. The archery became a hobby and a sport in itself. One of the first competitions took place in 1583, in England, with more than 3,000 participants. From the XIXth century the archery became a recreational activity, although its use for hunting does not disappear completely. The bow hunting is now again become popular in Canada.
Today the shooting is at standardized targets with recurve bows, where target devices and stabilizers are used most widely in arc sport. The bow used, which is often referred to as “Olympic bow”, is a technologically advanced sports equipment, which allows to hit the target with a high precision at large distances. Archery is one of the Precision Sports. Since 1972, archery is one of the Olympic sports. Previously, it was already represented in the program of 1900, 1904, 1908 and 1920 Olympic Games.
The bows used today have nothing to do with their ancestors. Wood has been replaced by glass or carbon and aluminum fibers. They are equipped with a viewfinder, an arrow rest, stabilizers, shock absorbers, weight, and, for some, cams (pulleys whose axis is offset) that leverage the power of the arc. Thus, during competitions, arrows fired at the target may have a speed exceeding 300 km/h. Besides the sports archery bow is used as a means of personal development in the meditative and therapeutic archery.
The archery is based on the principle of an elastic rod (arc) connected to a bowstring that is stretched, tightening the arc, which acts like a spring building up potential energy, which upon the release of the bowstring is transformed into kinetic energy that propelling an arrow. The stronger the clamping force of the arc and the stretching of the string, the faster, farther, straighter and more powerful is the arrow fly.
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